Internet of Things
Introduction of Internet of Things
posted by:admin time: 2010-03-01

In computing, the Internet of Things refers to a network of objects, such as household appliances. It is often a self-configuring wireless network. The concept of the internet of things is attributed to the original Auto-ID Center, founded in 1999 and based at the time in Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).

The idea is as simple as its application is difficult. If all cans, books, shoes or parts of cars are equipped with minuscule identifying devices, daily life on our planet will undergo a transformation. Things like running out of stock or wasted products will no longer exist as we will know exactly what is being consumed on the other side of the globe. Theft will be a thing of the past as we will know where a product is at all times. The same applies to parcels lost in the post.

If all objects of daily life, from yogurt to an airplane, are equipped with radio tags, they can be identified and managed by computers in the same way humans can. The next generation of Internet applications (IPv6 protocol) would be able to identify more objects than IPv4, which is currently in use. This system would therefore be able to instantaneously identify any kind of object.

The Internet of objects should encode 50 to 100,000 billion objects and follow the movement of those objects. Every human being is surrounded by 1,000 to 5,000 objects.

Alcatel-Lucent touch tag service and Violet's Mirror gadget provide a pragmatic consumer oriented approach to the Internet of Things by which anyone can easily link real world items to the online world using RFID tags.

China to Construct Institute of Internet of Things in Wuxi

China is speeding up on development of "Internet of Things", making it a new engine for economic growth and an opportunity to catch up with the developed countries.

The ambitious project involves several reseach institutes, including Shanghai Institute of Microsystem and Information Technology (SIMIT), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS), Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Northwestern Polytechnical University of China, with strong support from Chinese government. Researchers disclose that they have made certain achievements in the research.

"Internet of Things" is a number of technologies and research disciplines that enable the Internet to reach out into the real world of physical objects. Technologies like RFID (Radio Frequency Identification Device), short-range wireless communications, real-time localization and sensor networks are now becoming increasingly common, bringing the Internet of Things into commercial use. They foreshadow an exciting future that closely interlinks the physical world and cyberspace - a development that is not only relevant to researchers, but to corporations and individuals alike.

Researchers in Electrical & Electronic Experiment Demonstration Centre of Nanjing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics have engaged in "Internet of Things" for about four years and have developed wireless sensor network system platform of their own intellectual property. The platform includes ad hoc network wireless sensor node, data storage and data remote access terminal, said Zhao Guoan, director of the demonstration centre.

SIMIT, one of the earliest research institutes entering the area, has started to establish a high tech micro-nano telesthesia network engineering centre in Wuxi city of Jiangsu Province in Southeast China. Leading researchers are lobbying the government for more favorable policies of design, management and cooperation for the project.

Technical Support: Wuxi LongKey